[98] At the 1972 Democratic National Convention, McGovern repeatedly tried to recruit Kennedy as his vice presidential running mate, but Kennedy turned him down. [169] Chebrikov added that those issues, "'according to the senator, will without a doubt become the most important of the [1984] election campaign'". Joseph Sr. was appointed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt as the first chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission, chairman of the Maritime Commission, and U.S. [158], Kennedy easily defeated Republican businessman Ray Shamie to win re-election in 1982. [233] He pushed through legislation that provided healthcare and grief counseling benefits for the families, and recommended the appointment of his former chief of staff Kenneth Feinberg as Special Master of the government's September 11th Victim Compensation Fund. [9] He spent sixth and seventh grades at the Fessenden School, where he was a mediocre student,[2] and eighth grade at Cranwell Preparatory School; both schools located in Massachusetts. His 1968 eulogy for his brother Robert and his 1980 rallying cry for modern American liberalism were among his best-known speeches. U.S. States House of Representatives elections: This page was last edited on 21 January 2021, at 20:46. I realize that I alone am responsible for them, and I am the one who must confront them. [175][197] Kennedy pushed on, but even his legislative successes, such as the Civil Rights Act of 1991, which expanded employee rights in discrimination cases, came at the cost of being criticized for compromising with Republicans and Southern Democrats. Many have attended Harvard University, and the family has contributed greatly to that university's John F. Kennedy School of Government. [56] In April 2006, Kennedy was selected by Time as one of "America's 10 Best Senators"; the magazine noted that he had "amassed a titanic record of legislation affecting the lives of virtually every man, woman and child in the country" and that "by the late 1990s, the liberal icon had become such a prodigious cross-aisle dealer that Republican leaders began pressuring party colleagues not to sponsor bills with him". [34] The couple was married by Cardinal Francis Spellman on November 29, 1958, at St. Joseph's Church in Bronxville, New York,[2][18] with the reception being held at the nearby Siwanoy Country Club. Kennedy and his staff wrote more than 300 bills that were enacted into law. [207] They began dating and by September were in a serious relationship. As Ted Kennedy's malignant brain tumor became public knowledge, opponents, friends, and pundits rushed to laud his accomplishments. [21] Kennedy was on athletic probation during his sophomore year, and he returned as a second-string two-way end for the Crimson football team during his junior year and barely missed earning his varsity letter. He decided to follow the most aggressive and exhausting course of treatment possible. [140] Kennedy decided to run in August 1979, when polls showed him with a 2-to-1 advantage over Carter;[141] Carter's approval rating slipped to 19 percent. Per Article One of the United States Constitution. Kennedy made his first post-illness public appearance on July 9, when he surprised the Senate by showing up to supply the added vote to break a Republican filibuster against a bill to preserve Medicare fees for doctors. [76], In January 1970, an inquest into Kopechne's death was held in Edgartown, Massachusetts. [254] On June 2, 2008, Kennedy underwent brain surgery at Duke University Medical Center in an attempt to remove as much of the tumor as possible. Ted has spent years as a champion of the civil rights of children and disabilities and has a proven record of collaboration and … [54] Kennedy was pulled from the wreckage by fellow Senator Birch Bayh,[52] and spent months in a hospital recovering from a severe back injury, a punctured lung, broken ribs and internal bleeding. 1961) and Patrick (b. Those of us who loved him and who take him to his rest today, pray that what he was to us and what he wished for others will some day come to pass for all the world. Since Robert F. Kennedy’s assassination on June 6, 1968, his widow, Ethel, has been his torchbearer. Kennedy soon became disenchanted with the implementation of the act, however, saying for 2003 that it was $9 billion short of the $29 billion authorized. [70] Nevertheless, polls in 1971 suggested he could win the nomination if he tried, and Kennedy gave some thought to running. "[145] Nevertheless, Kennedy lost three New England contests. When we have worked together, he has been a skillful, fair and generous partner. [304][305], Kennedy's remains were returned to Washington, D.C. and laid to rest at Arlington National Cemetery, near the graves of his assassinated brothers. In 1989, paparazzi stalked him on a vacation in Europe and photographed him having sex on a motorboat. [227] Kennedy worked with Republican Senator Nancy Kassebaum to create and pass the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act in 1996, which set new marks for portability of insurance and confidentiality of records. [266] Doctors attributed the episode to "simple fatigue". [318][319] However, Democrats rallied and passed the measure; Speaker Nancy Pelosi, who was instrumental in doing so, credited Kennedy's life work in her closing remarks on the House floor before the final vote. [265], On September 26, 2008, Kennedy suffered a mild seizure while at home in Hyannis Port; he immediately went to the hospital, was examined and released later that same day. He was released from the hospital the following morning, and he returned to his home in Washington, D.C.[267], When the 111th Congress began, Kennedy dropped his spot on the Senate Judiciary Committee to focus all his attentions on national health care issues, which he regarded as "the cause of my life". [2], Between the ages of eight and sixteen, Ted suffered the traumas of Rosemary's failed lobotomy and the deaths of Joseph Jr. in World War II and Kathleen in an airplane crash. One of Kennedy's biggest battles in the Senate came with Reagan's July 1987 nomination of Judge Robert Bork to the U.S. Supreme Court. [2][17] While stationed in Europe, he traveled extensively on weekends and climbed the Matterhorn in the Pennine Alps. [75], A week after the incident, Kennedy pleaded guilty to leaving the scene of an accident and was given a suspended sentence of two months in jail. [169], Kennedy's staff drew up detailed plans for a candidacy in the 1984 presidential election that he considered, but with his family opposed and his realization that the Senate was a fully satisfying career, in late 1982 he decided not to run. "[175] In December 1991, the William Kennedy Smith rape trial was held; it was nationally televised and the most watched until the O. J. Simpson murder case three years later. [40] He suffered chronic back pain for the rest of his life as a result of the accident. Kennedy was 30 years old when he first entered the Senate following a November 1962 special election in Massachusetts to fill the vacant seat previously held by his brother John, who had taken office as the president. [50][51] Compared to his brothers in office, he lacked John's sophistication and Robert's intense, sometimes grating drive, but was more affable than either of them. From then on, Kennedy intensified the practice of his Catholic faith, often attending Mass several times a week. On the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. Robert F. Kennedy Department of Justice Building, Robert F. Kennedy Center for Justice and Human Rights, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ted_Kennedy&oldid=1001882093, 20th-century American non-fiction writers, Fellows of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, The Hague Academy of International Law people, Honorary Knights Commander of the Order of the British Empire, Massachusetts politicians convicted of crimes, Recipients of the Order of the Companions of O. R. 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"[72][73] Indeed, there were a constant series of death threats made against Kennedy for much of the rest of his career.[74]. at him. U.S. States House of Representatives elections: This page was last edited on 24 January 2021, at 05:18. [277], However, Kennedy's tumor had spread by spring 2009 and treatments for it were no longer effective; this information was not disclosed to the public. [274] Later in March, a bill reauthorizing and expanding the AmeriCorps program was renamed the Edward M. Kennedy Serve America Act by Senator Hatch in Kennedy's honor. From birth, the Kennedy children — five girls and four boys, including former President John F. Kennedy and the late Sens. Eunice's daughter Maria Shriver served as First Lady of California. [12] At the end of his second semester in May 1951, Kennedy was anxious about maintaining his eligibility for athletics for the next year,[2] and he had a classmate take his place at a Spanish exam. Following the failure of the Clinton health care plan, Kennedy went against his past strategy and sought incremental measures instead. [175][204] He said almost nothing until the third day of the Thomas–Hill hearings, and when he did it was criticized by Hill supporters for being too little, too late. [319] Congressman Patrick Kennedy brought a copy of a national health insurance bill his father had introduced in 1970 as a gift for the president. [70] Kennedy asked the Massachusetts electorate whether he should stay in office or resign; after getting a favorable response in messages sent to him, Kennedy announced on July 30 that he would remain in the Senate and run for re-election the next year. Because of his father’s career, Ted, along with his … A special election was scheduled for January 19, 2010, for the U.S. Senate seat from Massachusetts left vacant by Kennedy's death. As he said many times, in many parts of this nation, to those he touched and who sought to touch him: "Some men see things as they are and say why. [69], Following Republican Richard Nixon's victory in November, Kennedy was widely assumed to be the front-runner for the 1972 Democratic nomination. [88][90] He also played a leading role, with Senator Jacob Javits, in the creation and passage of the National Cancer Act of 1971. [252] Within days, doctors announced that Kennedy had a malignant glioma, a type of cancerous brain tumor. [40] Once Eugene McCarthy's strong showing in the New Hampshire primary led to Robert's presidential campaign starting in March 1968, Ted recruited political leaders for endorsements to his brother in the western states. Douglas Harriman Kennedy b: March 24, 1967 Molly Elizabeth Stark m: 1998 [283] A health care reform bill was voted out of the committee with content Kennedy favored, but still faced a long, difficult process before having a chance at becoming law. [136] Kennedy's fundraising immediately declined and his campaign had to downsize, but he remained defiant, saying "[Now] we'll see who is going to whip whose what. [48], Kennedy was walking with a cane when he returned to the Senate in January 1965. [18] Therefore, John asked Massachusetts Governor Foster Furcolo to name Kennedy family friend Ben Smith as interim senator for John's unexpired term, which he did in December 1960. [180] However, when the final formulation of the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act contained provisions to steer seniors towards private plans, Kennedy switched to opposing it. [169] Former Reagan administration negotiator Max Kampelman has asserted that Kennedy did engage in back-channel communications with the Soviet Union, but added that he "'learned that the senator never acted or received information without informing the appropriate United States agency or official'". Ted Kennedy, the youngest of Joseph and Rose Kennedy’s nine children, earned his licence to pilot single-engine planes while in law school. "[136] Kennedy used his legislative skills to achieve passage of the COBRA Act, which extended employer-based health benefits after leaving a job. Ted served in the Senate with his brother Robert (1965–1968), and was serving in the Senate when his nephew, Joseph P. II (1987–1999), and son, Patrick J. [27], Due to his low grades, Kennedy was not accepted by Harvard Law School. [13][18], Kennedy re-entered Harvard in the summer of 1953 and improved his study habits. [73] It captured Kennedy as "an aging Irish boyo clutching a bottle and diddling a blonde," portrayed him as an out-of-control Regency rake, and brought his behavior to the forefront of public attention. The work begins anew. [82] Kennedy introduced a bipartisan bill in August 1970 for single-payer universal national health insurance with no cost sharing, paid for by payroll taxes and general federal revenue. [164][165][166] According to a May 14, 1983, memorandum from KGB chairman Viktor Chebrikov to general secretary Yuri Andropov, former U.S. [247] The initial caucuses and primaries were split between Clinton and Obama. [308] It debuted atop the New York Times Best Seller list[309] and by mid-December 2009 had total sales of some 400,000 copies.[310]. [42] He took many overseas trips, billed as fact-finding tours with the goal of improving his foreign policy credentials. [316] In that election, Republican State Senator Scott Brown won the seat in a stunning upset,[317] ending Democratic control of it going back to 1953. [204] Thomas was confirmed by a 52–48 vote, one of the narrowest margins ever for a successful nomination.[204]. [79], Kennedy had initially opposed busing schoolchildren across racial lines, but grew to support the practice as it became a focal point of civil rights efforts. [52][53] The pilot and Edward Moss (one of Kennedy's aides) were killed. [223], Fifteen months after he was initially diagnosed with brain cancer, Kennedy succumbed to the disease on August 25, 2009, at age 77 at his home in Hyannis Port, Massachusetts. [284] At the end of July 2009, Kennedy was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom. The Kennedy name was an inevitable element of his campaign, and his Republican opponent, Sean Bielat, suggested that Mr. Kennedy was trying to coast to Congress on his family. Matthew Maxwell Taylor Kennedy b: January 11, 1965 Victoria Anne Strauss b: February 10, 1964 m: 1991. [180][237] Kennedy accepted provisions governing mandatory student testing and teacher accountability that other Democrats and the National Education Association did not like, in return for increased funding levels for education. [136] On the second night, August 12, Kennedy delivered the most famous speech of his career. He was the younger brother of former President John F. Kennedy and Senator Robert F. Kennedy , both of whom were assassinated , as well as Joe Kennedy , who was killed in World War II . And when the new parents left the hospital on May 29 it was the same day as a special family occasion — what would have been Patrick’s uncle, President John F. Kennedy’s 101st birthday. [50], On November 22, 1963, Kennedy was presiding over the Senate—a task given to junior members—when an aide rushed in to tell him that his brother, President John F. Kennedy, had been shot. [13] He went to Camp Gordon in Georgia for training in the Military Police Corps. John Jr.'s wife Carolyn Bessette-Kennedy and his sister-in-law were also killed in the accident. Unabashedly liberal, Kennedy championed an interventionist government that emphasized economic and social justice, but he was also known for working with Republicans to find compromises. Amy Kennedy, wife of Ted's son Patrick, ran in 2020 election in New Jersey's 2nd congressional district in 2020 but lost to incumbent Republican Jeff Van Drew, failing to continue the streak. [36] Ted and Joan had three children: Kara (1960–2011), Ted Jr. (b. [73][136][170] Kennedy campaigned hard for Democratic presidential nominee Walter Mondale and defended vice presidential nominee Geraldine Ferraro from criticism over being a pro-choice Catholic, but Reagan was re-elected in a landslide. [18], "Kennedys" redirects here. [328] The Almanac of American Politics rates congressional votes as liberal or conservative on the political spectrum, in three policy areas: economic, social, and foreign. Since John F. Kennedy's election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1946, members of the family have held public office continuously with very few exceptions — first from December 22, 1960 until January 20, 1961 (from Kennedy's resignation from the Senate to his taking office as president) and next from Patrick J. Kennedy's departure from the House on January 3, 2011 until Joseph P. Kennedy III's election to the House on January 3, 2013. [202] When the Thomas hearings began in September 1991, Kennedy pressed Thomas on his unwillingness to express an opinion about Roe v. Wade, but the nomination appeared headed for success. [98] When McGovern's choice of Thomas Eagleton stepped down soon after the convention, McGovern again tried to get Kennedy to take the nod, again without success. Sen. Kennedy throws Red Sox first pitch", "Morning Fix: Six Senators To Watch On Health Care", "Kennedy Absent As His Health Bill Launches", "President Obama Names Medal of Freedom Recipients", White House Office of the Press Secretary, "Ted Kennedy Dies of Brain Cancer at Age 77", "Obama praises Kennedy as 'extraordinary leader, "Statement by the President on the Death of Senator Ted Kennedy", "Biden: Kennedy 'Changed The Political Landscape For Almost Half A Century, "Kennedy remembered as patriarch of the senate", "Allies and Adversaries React to Kennedy's Death", "Nancy Reagan Statement on Senator Kennedy", "Byrd issues statement about good friend Kennedy's death", "Red Sox play taps, fly flag at half mast", "Steinbrenner reflects on loss of Kennedy", "Sen. Kennedy's body takes final poignant tour", "Mourners drawn by a personal connection", "Kennedy to lie in repose in Boston, be buried at Arlington", "Senator Kennedy eulogized by his sons and President Obama", "Senator Edward Kennedy Burial at Arlington National Cemetery", "Sen. Ted Kennedy laid to rest at Arlington National Cemetery", "Ted Kennedy's Compass Points to Faith and Family", "Senator Ted Kennedy's book, 'True Compass' sale surge, paperback held back", Massachusetts Secretary of the Commonwealth, "Letter to Massachusetts Governor Deval Patrick, President of the Senate Therese Murray, and Speaker of the House Robert DeLeo", "Ailing Kennedy seeks to change law on succession", "Kennedy looks to set stage for successor", "Health Vote Caps a Journey Back From the Brink", "Obama Signs Health Care Overhaul Bill, With a Flourish", "Pelosi credits Kennedy for 'his life's work, "Kennedy note: 'Dad, the unfinished business is done, "Joseph P. Kennedy III wins decisively over Sean Bielat", "Judging Judge Roberts: A look at the Judiciary Committee", "Senator Edward M. 'Ted' Kennedy, Sr. (MA)", "Democratic primary: Quiet battle for the other delegates", "Senate Lion Ted Kennedy Roars Once More for National Health Care", "Unlike brothers, Ted Kennedy grew old in public", "Hillary Clinton's Campaign Spurs A Wave of G.O.P. [79] During spring and summer 1979, as Kennedy deliberated whether to run, Carter was not intimidated despite his 28 percent approval rating, saying publicly: "If Kennedy runs, I'll whip his ass. And the dream lives on. [65][66] Thinking that he was only being seen as a stand-in for his brother and that he was not ready for the job himself, and getting an uncertain reaction from McCarthy and a negative one from Southern delegates, Kennedy rejected any move to place his name before the convention as a candidate for the nomination. Kennedy in 1884, 35 years after the family's arrival from Ireland. In May of that year he decided not to, saying he needed "breathing time" to gain more experience and to take care of the children of his brothers and that in sum, "It feels wrong in my gut. Kennedy played a major role in passing many laws, including the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965, the National Cancer Act of 1971, the COBRA health insurance provision, the Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Act of 1986, the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, the Ryan White AIDS Care Act, the Civil Rights Act of 1991, the Mental Health Parity Act, the S-CHIP children's health program, the No Child Left Behind Act, and the Edward M. Kennedy Serve America Act. [11] He was an offensive and defensive end on the freshman football team; his play was characterized by his large size and fearless style. [204] On the day before the full Senate vote, Kennedy gave an impassioned speech against Thomas, declaring that the treatment of Hill had been "shameful" and that "[t]o give the benefit of the doubt to Judge Thomas is to say that Judge Thomas is more important than the Supreme Court. On the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. Robert F. Kennedy Department of Justice Building, Robert F. Kennedy Center for Justice and Human Rights, United States Senator from Massachusetts, 1962–2009, Edward M. Kennedy Institute for the United States Senate, Committee for the Preservation of the White House, Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis High School for International Careers, Ancestral background of presidents of the United States, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kennedy_family&oldid=1002389170, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from April 2015, Articles with incomplete citations from April 2015, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Christopher Sargent Shriver Schwarzenegger. J." The first Kennedys to reside in the United States were Patrick Kennedy (1823–1858) and Bridget Murphy (1824–1888), who sailed from Ireland to East Boston in 1849; Patrick worked in East Boston as a barrel maker, or cooper. [50][71] While this further boosted his presidential image, he also appeared conflicted by the inevitability of having to run for the position;[68][70] "Few who knew him doubted that in one sense he very much wanted to take that path", Time magazine reported, but "he had a fatalistic, almost doomed feeling about the prospect". J." He died on August 25, 2009, of a malignant brain tumor at his home in Hyannis Port, Massachusetts, and was buried near his brothers John and Robert at Arlington National Cemetery. For the law firm, see. He pleaded guilty to a charge of leaving the scene of an accident and later received a two-month suspended sentence. Senator from Massachusetts for almost 47 years, from 1962 until his death in 2009. In 2020, he lost the 2020 Senate primary election in Massachusetts to Ed Markey, the first Kennedy to ever lose an election in the state. As a parent, Ted knows that nothing is more important than the welfare of our children – their safety, their health and their education. John F. Kennedy had said in 1957, "Just as I went into politics because Joe died, if anything happened to me tomorrow, my brother Bobby would run for my seat in the Senate. The plane crashed into an apple orchard in the western Massachusetts town of Southampton on the final approach to the Barnes Municipal Airport in Westfield. [153], The Madison Square Garden audience reacted with wild applause and demonstrations for half an hour. [175][220] Kennedy's new wife Vicki proved to be a strong asset in campaigning. [136] The discussions were productive, and Kennedy also helped gain the release of a number of Soviet Jewish refuseniks, including Anatoly Shcharansky. As the ninth and last child born to Joseph P. Kennedy and Rose Kennedy, Edward "Ted" Kennedy (1932-2009) would end up having the largest influence on … [175] The local police made a delayed investigation; Kennedy sources were soon feeding the press with negative information about Bowman's background, and several mainstream newspapers broke an unwritten rule by publishing her name. [175][199] Patrick Kennedy and Smith returned with women they met there, Michelle Cassone and Patricia Bowman. [330], When Kennedy died in August 2009, he was the second-most senior member of the Senate (after President pro tempore Robert Byrd of West Virginia) and the third longest-serving senator of all time, behind Byrd and Strom Thurmond of South Carolina. [199] The case quickly became a media frenzy. Ted Kennedy is an example of an overlooked child whose life was driven by his desire to make his father proud, to carry on the family legacy of excellence. These include an honorary knighthood bestowed by Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, the Order of the Aztec Eagle from Mexico, the U.S. Presidential Medal of Freedom, the Order of Merit of Chile, and honorary degrees from a number of institutions including Harvard University. Sen. Ted Kennedy speaks during an event at the National Constitution Center, July 5, 2006 in Philadelphia. Ted Kennedy encountered family tragedy again when his closest brother, Robert Kennedy, was assassinated in 1968 during his presidential campaign. [27] Kennedy graduated from Harvard at age 24 in 1956 with an AB in history and government. [63][page needed] Kennedy aide Frank Mankiewicz said of seeing Ted at the hospital where Robert lay mortally wounded: "I have never, ever, nor do I expect ever, to see a face more in grief. [18] In a televised debate, McCormack said "The office of United States Senator should be merited, and not inherited," and said that if his opponent's name was Edward Moore, not Edward Moore Kennedy, his candidacy "would be a joke". A Daily Beast investigation reveals that Ted Kennedy—who controlled the family fortune—died close to the peak of his wealth. [56][333][334][335] Kennedy and his Senate staff authored around 2,500 bills, of which more than 300 were enacted into law. [18] After 21 months, he was discharged in March 1953 as a private first class. [214] On the issue Kennedy cared most about, national health insurance, he supported but was not much involved in formation of the Clinton health care plan, which was run by First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton and others. [139] Labor unions urged Kennedy to run, as did some Democratic party officials who feared that Carter's unpopularity could result in heavy losses in the 1980 congressional elections. [65][66] He also declined consideration for the vice-presidential spot. [30] He received mostly C grades[30] and was in the middle of the class ranking, but was the winner of the prestigious William Minor Lile Moot Court Competition. [40] He employed a stronger and more effective legislative staff. [221] In the November election, despite a very bad outcome for the Democratic Party nationally, Kennedy won re-election by a 58 percent to 41 percent margin,[222] the closest re-election race of his career. Robert Kennedy and Ted Kennedy … [233] He paraphrased William Butler Yeats by saying of his nephew: "We dared to think, in that other Irish phrase, that this John Kennedy would live to comb gray hair, with his beloved Carolyn by his side. Public service is. By the later years of his life, Kennedy had come to be viewed as a major figure and spokesman for American progressivism. Kennedy did not dwell upon his presidential loss,[136] but instead reaffirmed his public commitment to American liberalism. [60] Kennedy also tried to reform "unfair" and "inequitable" aspects of the draft. )[11] Ted was seriously injured and spent months in a hospital recovering from a severe back injury, a punctured lung, broken ribs and internal bleeding. Nothing – nothing – is going to keep me away from this special gathering tonight. J. The couple have two children: Max Greathouse Allen, 15, and daughter, Grace Kennedy Allen, 16. : in his absence, premature release of his Senate career local levels vacation in Europe and photographed having! Greathouse Allen, 16 prospects for such legislation for years to come developments in the William Kennedy case... Re-Election in 1976 win re-election in 1976 [ 235 ] Kennedy maintained an ongoing bond with the Massachusetts Bar 1959., polls showed the race to be an effective street-level campaigner and the family arrival. 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A poor public reception family 's arrival from Ireland against Carter, who was angry at his support school... A very low 22 percent National approval rating [ 65 ] [ 281 ] Democrats also missed 's. 'S former Senate seat from Massachusetts, which is a neighborhood in Boston is going to keep me from. Four boys, including former President John F. Kennedy and the family 's Palm Beach media attention the. India and wrote a report on the role of a family curse strikes again 1963 and 1968 respectively scheduled., Michelle Cassone and Patricia Bowman Joan 's growing alcoholism killed in January.

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